TUBERCULOSIS IN THE CITY OF JUAZEIRO DO NORTE-CE, BETWEEN THE YEARS 2010 TO 2020

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32435/envsmoke.20225115-19

Keywords:

Tuberculosis, Epidemiology, Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Abstract

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis Zopf, 1883 and is estimated to be responsible for about 1.9 million deaths worldwide. In Brazil, every year 70,000 people are infected and 4,500 die. Thus, the objective was to investigate the epidemiological profile of those affected by tuberculosis in Juazeiro do Norte-CE, between 2009 and 2019. This was an epidemiological, retrospective, analytical, documentary, ecological and quantitative study using secondary data from the “Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde” (DATASUS). The variables analyzed were year, sex, age group, ethnicity, education and area of residence. 1,093 cases of tuberculosis were found, with 2019 being the most prevalent. The epidemiological profile of those affected was predominantly men (67.9%), aged 20 to 59 years (69.6%), brown (75.5%), with low education (35.4%) and living in urban area (92.6%). These data can be used for the creation of public policies aimed at serving the population most susceptible to tuberculosis in the city.

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Author Biographies

Wagner Bernardo Silva, Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG), Cuité, Paraíba, Brasil

Bachelor Student in Pharmacy, Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG), Cuité, Paraíba, Brasil

Beatriz Maria da Conceição Murilo, Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG), Cuité, Paraíba, Brasil

Bachelor Student in Pharmacy, Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG), Cuité, Paraíba, Brasil

Cassiano Augusto Oliveira da Silva, Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB), João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil

PhD Student in Religious Sciences, Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB), João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil

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Published

30/04/2022

How to Cite

Silva, W. B., Murilo, B. M. da C., & Silva, C. A. O. da. (2022). TUBERCULOSIS IN THE CITY OF JUAZEIRO DO NORTE-CE, BETWEEN THE YEARS 2010 TO 2020. Environmental Smoke, 5(1), 15–19. https://doi.org/10.32435/envsmoke.20225115-19

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